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法国CNRS科学家Jean-Marie DUBOIS教授学术报告
2019-07-16 17:21 李晓娜    (点击: )

报告题目:Complexity in metallic alloys and compounds

报告地点:老三束实验室1号楼会议室

主 讲 人:Jean-Marie DUBOIS

报告时间:817日上午9:00

校内联系人:董闯,李晓娜

报告摘要:

Complexity in metallic alloys and compounds

Jean-Marie DUBOIS1,2,3,*

1 Institute Jožef Stefan, Department for Nanostructured Materials, Jamova Cst. 39,

SI-1000 Ljubljana

2 Institut Jean Lamour (UMR 7198 CNRS – Université de Lorraine), Parc de Saurupt

CS50840, F-54011 Nancy

3 International Associated Laboratory PACS2 CNRS-UL-JSI

* Jean-marie.dubois@univ-lorraine.fr


The lecture will focus on A-B-C ternary alloys, in which the elemental constituents A, B and C are chosen in such a way that B-C interactions are repulsive, but A-B and A-C are attractive in the respective binary systems. Such “push-pull alloys are reminiscent of amplifiers designed to amplify electric signals because they amplify complexity in intermetallics, forming complex compounds with tens to thousands atoms per unit cell. Few of them lead to the ultimate degree of complexity, when quasiperiodic order substitutes for crystal periodicity, thus opening the way to the discovery of unprecedented properties such as heat insulation in Al62Cu25Fe13 (at.%). Many more compounds are known today, which share the same elemental characteristics (the picture may be extended to specific binary alloys by referring to salient features of the electronic density of states). The case of push-pull alloys will be exemplified with data obtained from few in-depth studies of quasicrystal-forming systems such as Al-Cu-Fe or Al-Pd-Mn. Special attention will be placed on the potential usefulness of coatings and composites made thereof. New insight gained on (Gd,Al)-Cu-Fe metallic glasses will also be presented, especially regarding magnetic properties in relation with phase transitions taking place in those glasses upon thermal ageing.


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